There are multiple ways in which houseplants can alter the ambiance of your home. The air quality of your living spaces can be significantly enhanced by simply selecting the houseplants that produce the most oxygen. And according to science, having indoor plants that produce oxygen is one of the best ways to increase your energy, immunity, and mental acuity.
What Benefits Do Houseplants Provide For My Air?
In a closed environment like a home or workplace, the ratio of oxygen to carbon dioxide can become unbalanced. The correct indoor plants can aid in reestablishing this equilibrium.
Many houseplants remove pollutants from the air to purify it as well. Compared to an air purifier, this is a more organic way to clean your air. Of course, you also get the added benefit of enjoying more flora.
How Much Oxygen Can A Plant Produce?
If the average growing plant has 15 leaves and each leaf produces an average of 5 ml of oxygen per hour for 12 hours a day, the average indoor plant will create 900 ml of oxygen per day or 27 liters of oxygen per month. The typical human will need about 3 minutes to consume that much oxygen.
Not all plants, however, have the same potential to purify your air. A NASA study assessed the capacity of various houseplants to enhance air quality and generate oxygen. The truth is that there are so many different species of plants, each with a unique shape and size, that the answer to this question can be as complicated as you like.
Since surplus oxygen is produced as a consequence of photosynthesis, a plant must be growing in order to produce excess oxygen. There are plants, including indoor plants, that can continuously store solar energy through photosynthesis.
Additionally, some plants don’t even attempt photosynthesis. Yes, there are such things. They are known as parasite plants, and in order to exist, they consume the host’s energy.
Have You Ever Wondered Why Plants Are Green?
Chlorophyll, a chemical found in plants, is in charge of plants’ ability to absorb light. The specific reason why plants appear green is that the molecule they utilize to absorb light, chlorophyll, reflects the color green after absorbing red and blue light. The plant obtains its energy for photosynthesis through this light absorption process. This means that only the green sections of the plant, or the leaves, actually produce oxygen. So in simpler terms, the more green leaves a plant has, the more oxygen it will produce.
However, bacteria in the soil, especially in young soil, are another significant aid that we must consider. They often contribute more to air purification and oxygen synthesis than the plant itself does.
Common Domestic Pollutants
We must be aware of the typical indoor contaminants if we are to improve the quality of indoor air. Numerous studies on the air pollution produced within the home have been conducted in recent years. The majority of these toxins are a result of technological improvements in developing countries. Even if these developments are immensely useful in daily life, extended exposure to them can be hazardous.
- Fuel-Combustion Equipment
The process through which chemicals react with oxygen to produce heat is known as combustion. Space heaters, lamps, and stoves are examples of things that fall under this category. One of the most frequent and frequently disregarded sources of indoor pollution is cooking. We expose ourselves to the harmful chemicals that are released after solid fuels, such as biomass or coal, are burned when we cook with them. Similarly, methane fuels for gas engines. We can reduce the quantity of air pollution in those locations by using these equipment to improve the air quality in the area.
- Inadequate Ventilation
In most homes, the kitchen may already have exhaust fans or an exhaust hood installed directly over the stove. This, however, is insufficient to totally eliminate indoor contaminants from your house. For this reason, it’s crucial to have lots of windows and other forms of ventilation. However, this can be a problem if you do reside in a very polluted urban environment.
- Tobacco Smoke
Cigarette smoke is the main contributor to lung conditions and other chronic obstructive pulmonary illnesses (COPD). In addition to harming smokers, second and third-hand smoke has an impact on everyone else in the home. Smoking is strongly discouraged because of this, especially around small children.
During the NASA investigation, the following plants were identified as being among the most successful at removing indoor carcinogens:
- Gerbera Daisy (Gerbera jamesonii)
- Snake Plant (Sansevieria trifasciata)
- English Ivy (Hedera helix)
Why Do We Need Better Indoor Air Quality?
One aspect of raising the oxygen level indoors is increasing air quality. Having access to clean, fresh air is crucial. According to estimates, 25,000 Americans every year pass away as a result of air pollution. Long-term and short-term problems with lung health can be brought on by exposure to airborne pollutants, which can have harmful effects on persons who are affected.
Three particular houseplants are mentioned in a study from New Delhi, one of the most polluted cities in the world, that not only enhance the air quality but also increase the amount of oxygen in the home.
- Areca Palm (Chrysalidocarpus lutescens)
You would need at least a 4 shoulder-high plants per person in the living space in order for it to work.
- Snake Plant (Sansevieria trifasciata)
This plant, sometimes known as the Mother-in-Law’s Tongue is quite adaptable in size and unquestionably the lowest maintenance of all. This plant has been recommended as a great bedroom plant because it converts carbon dioxide into oxygen pretty effectively, even while you’re sleeping. It has been said that each person would require at least 6 to 8 plants that are waist-high.
- Money Plant (Epipremnum aureum)
This plant is extremely helpful in locations where there is a lot of air pollution because it is well known for its remarkable ability to absorb volatile pollutants.
Additional Typical Houseplants That Produce Oxygen
There are additional plants that release more oxygen and significantly enhance the air quality in addition to the top three mentioned above.
- Boston Fern (Nephrolepis exaltata)
This plant needs a lot of care; to keep it healthy, it needs to be watered and misted frequently.
- Peace Lily (Spathiphyllum spp)
These plants must be planted in soil that drains well. Maintaining your Peace Lily indoors in a little gloomy and warm environment would be ideal for its growth since it thrives in lots of moisture and indirect sunlight.
- Neem Tree (Azadirachta indica)
According to botanical experts, a plant’s ability to supply oxygen depends on its size. The thick, green leaves of the neem tree, which may reach a height of 20 meters, are great at creating oxygen.
- True Aloe (Aloe vera)
Contrary to other plants, which only create oxygen during the day, aloe vera is a fantastic air cleaning plant with more widespread recognition for its therapeutic benefits.
By deciding to add one or more of these indoor plants to your home, you are not only enhancing and increasing the air quality in your house but you might also be preventing the spread of deadly diseases.