Gardeners can develop new plants in a variety of ways, such as from seeds, bulbs, or rhizomes. However, taking a cutting is typically the simplest method when the objective is to grow a plant that is identical to an existing plant. A 4 to 8-inch part of a stem from a healthy plant is called a cutting, which is then placed in water or a growth medium to take root.
Many different types of plants, including certain species of trees and bushes, can be propagated via cuttings, but it works particularly well for indoor gardening plants because they have a propensity to grow well from cuttings. Cuttings can frequently be used to successfully clone a beloved plant from a planter even by those who lack sophisticated gardening knowledge.
Some plants have cuttings that readily take root in plain water. Others may need some motivation, this is where a rooting hormone can help. Chemicals called “rooting hormones” encourage the development of new roots on cuttings.
For instance, using a rooting hormone increases the likelihood that a plant will develop from a clipping taken from a cascading plant in a hanging planter. Because most rooting hormone products are relatively similar, choosing the best rooting hormone is somewhat a matter of personal preference.
Why Is Rooting Hormone Used, And What Does It Do?
Naturally, plants eventually develop the ability to produce their own rooting hormone. That explains why it’s simple to clone some plants versus others. While cloning, some plants do not produce enough hormones, while others are unable to root at all without the aid of a rooting hormone.
This is why gardeners frequently utilize rooting hormones in the synthetic or organic for while propagating plants. Rooting hormones promote quicker and stronger root growth rather than letting the fresh cuttings struggle on their own. During the cutting stage, rooting hormones also shield the cuttings from fungus and disease.
Rooting hormones come in several varieties. Each has advantages and disadvantages.
Different Types Of Rooting Hormones
Liquid Rooting Hormones are available in two varieties: concentrated and ready-to-use. Anything that can be used right away is practical since you won’t need to worry about customizing the liquid while using a ready-to-use form because the producers have already taken care of it.
However, some gardeners prefer to blend their hormones to achieve the desired concentration rate for their particular cuttings. They do not want to use the same concentration level for all plants because, of course, they are not all the same.
One piece of advice, don’t dip the cutting directly into the container of the liquid rooting hormone when using the liquid version. Instead, place your cutting in a different container and add the liquid hormone there. This will prevent you from contaminating the entire bottle for use again.
Powder is well recognized for having a long shelf life and not requiring refrigeration.
You can dunk the stem in water before adding the powder to the cuts to make it easier to adhere. Again, you should take several tiny batches of powder and pour them into a small container, such as a dish, to prevent contamination and infections in the powder bottle.
Since the cutting texture in the liquid form can absorb more hormones, powder appears to be less effective than liquid. But it does have the advantage of having a longer shelf life and being hygienic, which makes this kind affordable. Powder is therefore frequently utilized by industrial growers.
Gel rooting hormone is quite practical to use. Because of this, indoor gardeners most frequently utilize this kind of rooting hormone.
Gel gives greater convenience and thicker coverage on the cutting even though it cannot compete with powder and concentrated liquid form in terms of versatility. The plant tissue will be able to absorb more hormones with better adhesion to the cutting.
Without a question, home gardeners and hobbyists will continue to clone plants using gel as their favorite rooting hormone. Likewise, avoid placing the cutting immediately in the gel bottle to prevent contamination and the spread of infections. A small bit should be taken out of the container and placed in a different cup or bowl.
How To Get The Most Benefits Out Of Rooting Hormones
Make sure your location has the right growing conditions for the propagation, including warm temperatures (20 to 24 °C), daily moisture, and dim lighting. The rooting won’t take place otherwise, even with the greatest rooting hormones.
Make A Good Cutting
Only a recent and clean cut will help the rooting hormones operate their best. Make sure you cut using a knife that has been cleaned and sterilized. Additionally, if you want to increase the cutting surface, you must make a 45-degree cut.
Don’t Contaminate The Entire Bottle Of Your Rooting Hormone
You should measure out some rooting hormones and pour them into a different pot, dish, or cup, as instructed. This reduces the chance of contamination for the remaining rooting hormones in the bottle.
Cover The Cutting’s End
The clone only needs to be dipped into the rooting hormone about one inch deep at a time. The rooting stimulant should not be applied to the entire cutting.
Use Proper Concentration
Typically, herbaceous plants require lower concentrations of rooting stimulants while woody plants need higher concentrations. Remember to avoid underdosing or overdosing on the rooting hormone amounts and concentrations.
If you prefer doing things yourself, you can produce your own rooting hormone from a variety of components. The two basic methods for creating your own rooting hormone are using willow or honey.
Recipe For Honey Rooting Hormone:
- Set two cups of water to boil.
- Add one tablespoon of organic honey.
- After combining, allow the mixture to cool to room temperature.
- After the fluid has cooled, dip your cuttings into it to continue the propagation process.
Many gardeners claim that this recipe creates root development that is as good as or better than that produced by commercial rooting hormones available on the market, others, however, have said that the results are frequently inferior to those of the synthetic variants above. It is up to you which route you decide to go.
Now that you have the necessary information, it’s time to select the greatest rooting hormone for your requirements.
Just make sure to choose the rooting hormone that is most suited for the plant you are trying to propagate. With the proper root hormone, you and your plants will soon be on the road to success.